Hematologic Disorders and Anemia Q 17 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday 27 April 2022

Hematologic Disorders and Anemia Q 17

Which of the following symptoms is expected with hemoglobin of 10 g/dl?
     A. None
     B. Pallor
     C. Palpitations
     D. Shortness of breath

Correct Answer: A. None

Mild anemia usually has no clinical signs. Palpitations, SOB, and pallor are all associated with severe anemia. Whether or not a patient becomes symptomatic depends on the etiology of anemia, the acuity of onset, and the presence of other comorbidities, especially the presence of cardiovascular disease. Most patients experience some symptoms related to anemia when the hemoglobin drops below 7.0 g/dL.

Option B: Pallor is the most commonly encountered physical finding in patients with anemia. As mentioned earlier, this sign is due to the shunting of blood away from the skin and other peripheral tissues, permitting enhanced blood flow to vital organs.
Option C: Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells that helps transport oxygen around the body. In iron deficiency, low levels of hemoglobin mean the heart has to work extra hard to carry oxygen. This may lead to irregular heartbeats or the feeling that the heart is beating abnormally fast.
Option D: Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that helps red blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. If the client has anemia, the body does not get enough oxygen-rich blood. This can cause him to feel tired or weak. He may also have shortness of breath, dizziness, headaches, or an irregular heartbeat.

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