Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 209 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Tuesday 12 April 2022

Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 209

Which clinical manifestation would the nurse expect a client diagnosed with acute cholecystitis to exhibit?
    A. Jaundice, dark urine, and steatorrhea
    B. Acute right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain, diarrhea, and dehydration
    C. Ecchymosis petechiae, and coffee-ground emesis
    D. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia

Correct Answer: D. Nausea, vomiting, and anorexia

Acute cholecystitis is an acute inflammation of the gallbladder commonly manifested by the following: anorexia, nausea, and vomiting; biliary colic; tenderness and rigidity the right upper quadrant (RUQ) elicited on palpation (e.g., Murphy’s sign); fever; fat intolerance; and signs and symptoms of jaundice.

Option A: Jaundice, dark urine, and steatorrhea are clinical manifestations of the icteric phase of hepatitis. Patients in this phase present with dark-colored urine and pale-colored stool. Some patients develop jaundice and right upper quadrant pain with liver enlargement.
Option B: Cases of chronic cholecystitis present with progressing right upper quadrant abdominal pain with bloating, food intolerances (especially greasy and spicy foods), increased gas, nausea, and vomiting. Pain in the mid back or shoulder may also occur.
Option C: Ecchymosis, petechiae, and coffee-ground emesis are clinical manifestations of esophageal bleeding. The coffee-ground appearance indicates old bleeding. The clinical presentation can vary but should be well-characterized. Hematemesis is the overt bleeding with vomiting of fresh blood or clots. Melena refers to dark and tarry-appearing stools with a distinctive smell. The term “coffee-grounds” describes gastric aspirate or vomitus that contains dark specks of old blood.

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