Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 157 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday 13 April 2022

Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 157

You’re caring for a patient with a sigmoid colostomy. The stool from this colostomy is:
    A. Formed
    B. Semisolid
    C. Semiliquid
    D. Watery

Correct Answer: A. Formed

A colostomy in the sigmoid colon produces a solid, formed stool. This is the most common type. It is located in the bottom part of the large intestine. The sigmoid colon moves waste to the rectum. Sigmoid colostomies produce stool that is more solid and regular than other colostomies.

Option B: The transverse colon crosses the top of the abdomen. Stool in this area is usually soft. This is because only a small portion of the colon has absorbed water from the indigestible material. This common type of colostomy has 3 versions.
Option C: A double-barrel colostomy divides the colon into 2 ends that form separate stomas. Stool exits from 1 of the stomas. Mucus made by the colon exits from the other. This type of transverse colostomy is the least common. A loop colostomy creates a stoma through which stool exits. In this type, the colon stays connected to the rectum. As a result, people will sometimes pass stool or gas through the rectum.
Option D: The ascending colon runs from the beginning of the large intestine to the right side of the abdomen. In this procedure, only part of the colon still works. As a result, little water is absorbed from the waste. This means the stool is usually liquid. This type of colostomy is rare. An ileostomy is more appropriate for this portion of the colon.

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