Cancer and Oncology Q 7 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Sunday 27 March 2022

Cancer and Oncology Q 7

The client with leukemia is receiving Myleran (busulfan) and Zyloprim (allopurinol). The nurse tells the client that the purpose if the allopurinol is to prevent:
    A. Mouth sores
    B. Hyperuricemia
    C. Nausea
    D. Alopecia

Correct Answer: B. Hyperuricemia

Option B: Allopurinol decreases uric acid concentrations in serum and urine. In the client receiving chemotherapy, uric acid levels increase as a result of the massive cell destruction that occurs from the chemotherapy. This medication prevents or treats hyperuricemia caused by chemotherapy.

Options A, C, and D: Allopurinol is not used to prevent alopecia, nausea, or mouth sores.

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