Cancer and Oncology Q 164 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Thursday, 24 March 2022

Cancer and Oncology Q 164

The nurse is admitting a male client with laryngeal cancer to the nursing unit. The nurse assesses for which most common risk factor for this type of cancer?
    A. Alcohol abuse
    B. Cigarette smoking
    C. Use of chewing tobacco
    D. Exposure to air pollutants

Correct Answer: B. Cigarette smoking

Option B: Cigarette use is the most common risk factor for head and neck cancers such as laryngeal cancer. The smoke that comes from a cigarette contains harmful chemicals such as nicotine, carbon monoxide, ammonia, and hydrogen cyanide that passes through the larynx on its way to the lungs.

Options A and C: Combined use of alcohol and tobacco enhances the risk.
Option D: Another risk factor is exposure to environmental pollutants (e.g., paint fumes, wood dust, coal dust) but cigarette smoking remains the most common.

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