Urinary Disorders Q 17 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday 6 April 2022

Urinary Disorders Q 17

When providing discharge teaching for a client with uric acid calculi, the nurse should make an instruction to avoid which type of diet?
    A. Low-calcium
    B. Low-oxalate
    C. High-oxalate
    D. High-purine

Correct Answer: D. High-purine

To control uric acid calculi, the client should follow a low-purine diet, which excludes high-purine foods such as organ meats. To prevent uric acid stones, cut down on high-purine foods such as red meat, organ meats, and shellfish, and follow a healthy diet that contains mostly vegetables and fruits, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.

Option A: A low-calcium diet decreases the risk for oxalate renal calculi. Limit sugar-sweetened foods and drinks, especially those that contain high fructose corn syrup. Limit alcohol because it can increase uric acid levels in the blood and avoid crash diets for the same reason.
Option B: A low-oxalate diet is used to control calcium or oxalate calculi. Eating less animal-based protein and eating more fruits and vegetables will help decrease urine acidity and this will help reduce the chance for stone formation.
Option C: Oxalate is a compound that is naturally found in most foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, and seeds. It must be included in the diet. In addition to calcium oxalate stones, another common type of kidney stone is uric acid stones. Red meat, organ meats, and shellfish have high concentrations of a natural chemical compound known as purines.

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