Urinary Disorders Q 135 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Monday 4 April 2022

Urinary Disorders Q 135

Immunosuppression following kidney transplantation is continued:
    A. For life
    B. 24 hours after transplantation
    C. A week after transplantation
    D. Until the kidney is not anymore rejected

Correct Answer: A. For life.

After an organ transplant, the client will need to take immunosuppressant (anti-rejection) drugs. These drugs help prevent the immune system from attacking (“rejecting”) the donor organ. Typically, they must be taken for the lifetime of the transplanted organ. Organ rejection is a constant threat. Keeping the immune system from attacking the transplanted organ requires constant vigilance. So, it’s likely that the transplant team will make adjustments to the anti-rejection drug regimen.

Option B: One risk of a kidney transplant is that the body will reject (fight) the new kidney. This can happen if the body’s immune system realizes that the kidney is from someone else. To prevent this from happening, the client must take medicines to weaken the immune system. These medicines are called immunosuppressants, or anti-rejection medicines.
Option C: Once the client recovered from the transplant surgery, he may be able to start a new exercise routine. Exercise can help improve heart and lung health, prevent weight gain and even improve mood. Talk to the doctor about the types of exercise that are right, how often one should exercise, and for how long.
Option D: Though kidney transplants are often successful, there are some cases when they are not. It is possible that the body may refuse to accept the donated kidney shortly after it is placed in the body. It is also possible the new kidney may stop working overtime.

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