Neurological Disorders Q 55 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Tuesday 19 April 2022

Neurological Disorders Q 55

A white female client is admitted to an acute care facility with a diagnosis of cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Her history reveals bronchial asthma, exogenous obesity, and iron deficiency anemia. Which history finding is a risk factor for CVA?
     A. Caucasian race
     B. Female sex
     C. Obesity
     D. Bronchial asthma

Correct Answer: C. Obesity

Obesity is a risk factor for CVA. Other risk factors include a history of ischemic episodes, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis of the cranial vessels, hypertension, polycythemia, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, oral contraceptive use, emotional stress, family history of CVA, and advancing age.

Option A: Of all the risk factors, hypertension is the most common modifiable risk factor for stroke. Hypertension is most prevalent in African-Americans and also occurs earlier in life. According to JNC8, the recommended blood pressure targets in patients with stroke should be less than 140/90 mm Hg.
Option B: One-third of the adults in the USA have elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), leading to plaque formation in the intracerebral vasculature. Eventually, due to the excessive plaque build-up thrombotic strokes occur.
Option D: Ischemic etiologies can further be divided into embolic, thrombotic, and lacunar. In general, the common risk factors for stroke include hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, atrial fibrillation, and drug use.

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