Myocardial Infarction & Peripheral Vascular Diseases Q 9 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Monday, 25 April 2022

Myocardial Infarction & Peripheral Vascular Diseases Q 9

Furosemide is administered intravenously to a client with HF. How soon after administration should the nurse begin to see evidence of the drug’s desired effect?
     A. 5 to 10 minutes
     B. 30 to 60 minutes
     C. 2 to 4 hours
     D. 6 to 8 hours

Correct Answer: A. 5 to 10 minutes

After IV injection of furosemide, diuresis normally begins in about 5 minutes and reaches its peak within about 30 minutes. Medication effects last 2 to 4 hours. The terminal half-life of furosemide is approximately 2 hours, and the total time of therapeutic effect is 6 to 8 hours. However, the half-life of furosemide will prolong in patients with chronic renal disease.

Option B: Normally, when an individual receives furosemide either orally or intravenously, it increases sodium excretion in urine. In a patient with extracellular volume expansion who has never had exposure to furosemide, the first dose of the drug causes significant sodium excretion and diuresis within the first 3 to 6 hours. After that effect of furosemide weans off, the kidney starts retaining sodium and chloride; this is called “post-diuretic sodium retention.”
Option C: It is imperative to repeat the furosemide dose at 6 to 8-hour intervals to avoid post diuretic sodium retention and achieve significant diuresis. When furosemide is prescribed chronically, the patient’s weight loss correlates with urine volume. A discrepancy in weight loss and diuresis indicates excessive sodium intake by the patient, which can be detected by 24-hour urine sodium collection.
Option D: Although more furosemide gets excreted in the urine after IV administration, there is no difference in the amount of unchanged furosemide excretion in urine between the two formulations. Furosemide achieves an early and high serum peak concentration and a higher peak excretion rate after intravenous administration.

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