Myocardial Infarction & Peripheral Vascular Diseases Q 17 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Monday, 25 April 2022

Myocardial Infarction & Peripheral Vascular Diseases Q 17

A significant cause of venous thrombosis is:
     A. Altered blood coagulation
     B. Stasis of blood
     C. Vessel wall injury
     D. All of the above

Correct Answer: D. All of the above

A deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood clot that forms within the deep veins, usually of the leg, but can occur in the veins of the arms and the mesenteric and cerebral veins. Deep-vein thrombosis is a common and important disease. It is part of the venous thromboembolism disorders which represent the third most common cause of death from cardiovascular disease after heart attacks and stroke.

Option A: Thrombosis is a protective mechanism that prevents the loss of blood and seals off damaged blood vessels. Fibrinolysis counteracts or stabilizes the thrombosis. The triggers of venous thrombosis are frequently multifactorial, with the different parts of the triad of Virchow contributing in varying degrees in each patient, but all result in early thrombus interaction with the endothelium.
Option B: This then stimulates local cytokine production and causes leukocyte adhesion to the endothelium, both of which promote venous thrombosis. Depending on the relative balance between the coagulation and thrombolytic pathways, thrombus propagation occurs.
Option C: DVT is commonest in the lower limb below the knee and starts at low-flow sites, such as the soleal sinuses, behind venous valve pockets. Mechanical compression or functional impairment leads to reduced flow in the veins (neoplasm, pregnancy, stenosis, or congenital anomaly which increases outflow resistance).

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