Heart Failure & Valvular Diseases Q 44 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday, 27 April 2022

Heart Failure & Valvular Diseases Q 44

A nurse is conducting a health history with a client with a primary diagnosis of heart failure. Which of the following disorders reported by the client is unlikely to play a role in exacerbating the heart failure?
     A. Recent URI
     B. Nutritional anemia
     C. Peptic ulcer disease
     D. A-Fib

Correct Answer: C. Peptic ulcer disease

Heart failure is precipitated or exacerbated by physical or emotional stress, dysrhythmias, infections, anemia, thyroid disorders, pregnancy, Paget’s disease, nutritional deficiencies (thiamine, alcoholism), pulmonary disease, and hypervolemia.

Option A: Heart failure is caused by several disorders, including diseases affecting the pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, cardiac valves, vasculature, or metabolism. Heart failure is a complex clinical syndrome that results from any functional or structural heart disorder, impairing ventricular filling or ejection of blood to the systemic circulation to meet the systemic needs.
Option B: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) on the other hand has also been variably classified as EF >40%, >45%, >50%, and/or ?55%. The term HFpEF has been used since some of these patients do not have entirely normal EF but also do not have a major reduction in the systolic function.
Option D: The most common causes of systolic dysfunction (HFrEF) are idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), coronary heart disease (ischemic), hypertension, and valvular disease. Hypertension, obesity, coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, and hyperlipidemia are highly prevalent in HFpEF patients. Hypertension by far is the most important cause of HFpEF. In addition, conditions like hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy, and restrictive cardiomyopathy are associated with significant diastolic dysfunction, leading to HFpEF.

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