Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 79 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Friday 15 April 2022

Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 79

When evaluating a male client for complications of acute pancreatitis, the nurse would observe for:
    A. Increased intracranial pressure
    B. Decreased urine output
    C. Bradycardia
    D. Hypertension

Correct Answer: B. Decreased urine output

Acute pancreatitis can cause decreased urine output, which results from the renal failure that sometimes accompanies this condition. AKI develops late in the course of acute pancreatitis, usually after failure of other organs. Remarkably, the kidney was the first organ to fail in only 8.9% of patients with AKI, and only a minority of patients develop isolated AKI

Option A: Intracranial pressure neither increases nor decreases in a client with pancreatitis. The causes of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) can be divided based on the intracerebral components causing elevated pressures. Generalized swelling of the brain or cerebral edema from a variety of causes such as trauma, ischemia, hyperammonemia, uremic encephalopathy, and hyponatremia.
Option C: Tachycardia, not bradycardia, usually is associated with pulmonary or hypovolemic complications of pancreatitis. Tachycardia and mild hypotension may result from hypovolemia from sequestration of fluid in the pancreatic bed. About 60% of patients develop low-grade pyrexia from peripancreatic inflammation without evident infection.
Option D: Hypotension can be caused by a hypovolemic complication, but hypertension usually isn’t related to acute pancreatitis. Release into the systemic circulation of activated enzymes and proteases may cause endothelial damage leading to extravasation of fluids from the vascular space, hypovolemia, hypotension, increased abdominal pressure, intense kidney vasoconstriction, hypercoagulability, and fibrin deposition in the glomeruli.

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