Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 56 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Friday 15 April 2022

Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 56

Findings during an endoscopic exam include a cobblestone appearance of the colon in your patient. The findings are characteristic of which disorder?
    A. Ulcer
    B. Crohn’s disease
    C. Chronic gastritis
    D. Ulcerative colitis

Correct Answer: B. Crohn’s disease

Crohn’s disease penetrates the mucosa of the colon through all layers and destroys the colon in patches, which creates a cobblestone appearance. As the inflammation progresses, non-caseating granulomas form involving all layers of the intestinal wall. It can develop into the classic cobblestone mucosal appearances and skip lesions along the length of the intestine sparing areas with normal mucosa.

Option A: In a gastric ulcer, on histopathology, one will see an ulcer base with clear margins that penetrate the muscularis propria and into the submucosa. Inflammatory debris on the epithelial surface is often present. In the submucosa, one will see fibrosis and thickened blood vessels.
Option C: H. pylori infection’s first appearance of gastritis tends to be antral. The inflammation, composing mainly of mononuclear inflammatory cells and plasma cells are superficial and mostly in the upper layers of the mucosa of the corpus (body of the stomach). The chronic inflammation of gastric mucosa is associated with neutrophilic inflammation; the effects are dependent on the cytotoxicity of the H. pylori strain.
Option D: Histologically, the mucosal layer of the colon in a patient with ulcerative colitis includes infiltrates of varying density and composition, depending on the stage of the disease. These infiltrates primarily consist of lymphocytes, plasma cells, and granulocytes, with the latter being more prominent during acute flares of the disease.

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