Comprehensive Respiratory System Disorders Q 26 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
Get GK Updates on WhatsApp

Post Top Ad

Friday 22 April 2022

Comprehensive Respiratory System Disorders Q 26

A client’s arterial blood gas levels are as follows: pH 7.31; PaO2 80 mm Hg, PaCO2 65 mm Hg; HCO3- 36 mEq/L. Which of the following signs or symptoms would the nurse expect?
     A. Cyanosis
     B. Flushed skin
     C. Irritability
     D. Anxiety

Correct Answer: B. Flushed skin

The high PaCO2 level causes flushing due to vasodilation. The client also becomes drowsy and lethargic because carbon dioxide has a depressant effect on the CNS. On the contrary, chronic respiratory acidosis may be caused by COPD where there is a decreased responsiveness of the reflexes to states of hypoxia and hypercapnia.

Option A: Cyanosis is a late sign of hypoxia. In respiratory acidosis, the slight increase in bicarbonate serves as a buffer for the increase in H+ ions, which helps minimize the drop in pH. In some cases, patients may present with cyanosis due to hypoxemia.
Option C: Irritability is not common with a PaCO2 level of 65 mm Hg but is associated with hypoxia. If the respiratory acidosis is severe and accompanied by prolonged hypoventilation, the patient may have additional symptoms such as altered mental status, myoclonus, and possibly even seizures.
Option D: The clinical presentation of respiratory acidosis is usually a manifestation of its underlying cause. Signs and symptoms vary based on the length, severity, and progression of the disorder. Patients can present with dyspnea, anxiety, wheezing, and sleep disturbances.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post Top Ad