Burns and Burn Injury Q 3 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Friday 1 April 2022

Burns and Burn Injury Q 3

The newly admitted client has burns on both legs. The burned areas appear white and leather-like. No blisters or bleeding are present, and the client states that he or she has little pain. How should this injury be categorized?
    A. Superficial
    B. Partial-thickness superficial
    C. Partial-thickness deep
    D. Full thickness

Correct Answer: D. Full thickness

The characteristics of the wound meet the criteria for a full-thickness injury (color that is black, brown, yellow, white, or red; no blisters; pain minimal; outer layer firm and inelastic). With pressure, no blanching occurs. The burn is leathery and dry. There is minimal to no pain because of decreased sensation. Full-thickness burns heal by contracture and take greater than 8 weeks. Full-thickness burns require skin grafting.

Option A: Superficial (first-degree) involves the epidermis of the skin only. It appears pink to red, there are no blisters, and it is dry. It is moderately painful. Superficial burns heal without scarring within 5 to 10 days.
Option B: Superficial partial-thickness (second-degree) involves the superficial dermis. It appears red with blisters and is wet. The erythema blanches with pressure. The pain associated with superficial partial-thickness is severe. Healing typically occurs within 3 weeks with minimal scarring.
Option C: Deep partial-thickness (second-degree) involves the deeper dermis. It appears yellow or white, is dry, and does not blanch with pressure. There is minimal pain due to a decreased sensation. Healing occurs in 3 to 8 weeks with scarring present.

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