EENT and Sleep Disorders Q 77 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Tuesday 22 March 2022

EENT and Sleep Disorders Q 77

A client who is complaining of tinnitus is describing a symptom that is:
     A. Objective
     B. Subjective
     C. Functional
     C. Functional

Correct Answer: B. Subjective.

A subjective symptom such as ringing in the ears can be felt only by the client. Subjective symptoms are those perceptible only to the patient. Examples of such sensory disturbances are pain, tenderness, fatigue, headache, nausea, vertigo, itching, tingling, and numbness. Pain and itching are pure subjective symptoms.

Option A: Objective symptoms are those evident to the observer and called physical signs. Examples of such physical signs are temperature, pulse rate and rhythm, respiratory rate, and character, temperature, posture, edema, gait. Faint cardiac murmurs and pulmonary rales are pure objective signs.
Option C: A functional symptom is a medical symptom with no known physical cause. In other words, there is no structural or pathologically defined disease to explain the symptom. The use of the term ‘functional symptom’ does not assume psychogenesis, only that the body is not functioning as expected.
Option D: A prodrome can be the early precursor to an episode of a chronic neurological disorder such as a migraine headache or an epileptic seizure, where prodrome symptoms may include euphoria or other changes in mood, insomnia, abdominal sensations, disorientation, aphasia, or photosensitivity.

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