Cancer and Oncology Q 155 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Thursday, 24 March 2022

Cancer and Oncology Q 155

A 56-year-old woman is currently receiving radiation therapy to the chest wall for recurrent breast cancer. She calls her health care provider to report that she has pain while swallowing and burning and tightness in her chest. Which of the following complications of radiation therapy is A. Radiation enteritislikely responsible for her symptoms?
    A. Radiation enteritis
    B. Stomatitis
    C. Esophagitis
    D. Hiatal hernia

Correct Answer: C. Esophagitis

Option C: Difficulty in swallowing, pain, and tightness in the chest are signs of esophagitis, which is a common complication of radiation therapy of the chest wall.

Option A: Radiation enteritis is a damage to the intestinal lining caused by radiation therapy. Symptoms include diarrhea, rectal pain, and bleeding or mucus from the rectum.
Option B: Stomatitis results from the local effects of radiation to the oral mucosa. Symptoms include mouth ulcers, red patches, swelling, and oral dysaesthesia.
Option D: Hiatal hernia may also cause symptoms of dysphagia and chest pain but is not related to radiation therapy.

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