Burns and Burn Injury Q 86 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday 30 March 2022

Burns and Burn Injury Q 86

Which assessment finding assists the nurse in confirming inhalation injury?
    A. Brassy cough
    B. Decreased blood pressure
    C. Nausea
    D. Headache

Correct Answer: A. Brassy cough

Brassy cough and wheezing are some signs seen with inhalation injury. Damage to airway tissue causes increased mucus production, edema, denudation of epithelium, and mucosal ulceration and hemorrhage. Obstruction of airflow is often the effect caused by tissue edema narrowing the passageways and mucus/blood/fluid impeding airflow.

Option B: Patients with carbon monoxide poisoning may exhibit hypotension. As carboxyhemoglobin (COHgb) levels rise, the cerebral blood vessels dilate, and both coronary blood flow and capillary density increase. Cardiac effects, especially ventricular arrhythmias occur. Ventricular arrhythmias are implicated as the cause of death most often in CO poisoning.
Option C: Most commonly, patients with carbon monoxide poisoning will present with headache (more than 90%), dizziness, weakness, and nausea. Patients may be tachycardic and tachypneic.
Option D: Patients may have systemic symptoms like a headache, delirium, hallucinations, and may even be comatose. Many different etiologies may cause changes in mental status including hypoxia, hypercarbia, or asphyxiant exposure (carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide). But headaches can also be seen with carbon monoxide poisoning.

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