Urinary Disorders Q 60 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Tuesday, 5 April 2022

Urinary Disorders Q 60

The nurse is assisting a client on a low-potassium diet to select food items from the menu. Which of the following food items, if selected by the client, would indicate an understanding of this dietary restriction?
    A. Cantaloupe
    B. Spinach
    C. Lima beans
    D. Strawberries

Correct Answer: C. Lima beans

Lima beans (1/3 c) averages three (3) mEq per serving. Each serving of lima beans provides nearly 11 grams of protein—slightly more than other types of beans. Lima beans have a glycemic index (GI) of about 46. (Foods with a GI of 55 or below are considered low glycemic foods.) The glycemic load of a 100-gram serving of lima beans is about 7.

Option A: Cantaloupe (1/4 small). Consuming foods rich in potassium can help decrease blood pressure. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends that an average adult consume 4,700 mg of potassium a day to keep the cardiovascular system healthy. A cup of cantaloupe provides 473 mg of potassium, or 10% of a person’s recommended daily intake.
Option B: Spinach (1/2 cooked). Spinach provides more potassium per serving than a banana — about 12% of the AI per one cup (156 grams) frozen or three cups (100 grams) fresh. This vegetable also packs vitamins A and K, as well as folate and magnesium.
Option D: Strawberries (1 ¼ cups) are high potassium foods and average 7 mEq per serving. Strawberries are rich in vitamin C, potassium, folic acid, and fiber. Due to their high potassium content, strawberries might provide benefits for people who have a raised risk of high blood pressure by helping to offset the effects of sodium in the body.

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