Pneumonia Q 58 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday 20 April 2022

Pneumonia Q 58

A nurse evaluates the blood theophylline level of a client receiving aminophylline (theophylline) by intravenous infusion. The nurse would determine that a therapeutic blood level exists if any of the following were noted in the laboratory report?
     A. 5 mcg/mL
     B. 15 mcg/mL
     C. 25 mcg/mL
     D. 30 mcg/mL

Correct Answer: B. 15 mcg/mL

Therapeutic theophylline blood levels range from 10-20 mcg/mL. Patients can be administered IV theophylline for acute bronchospasm. Those who are not currently taking theophylline should be given a loading dose of 5 to 7 mg/kg intravenously, followed by a maintenance dose of 0.4 to 0.6 mg/kg per hour intravenously to maintain serum concentrations at 10 to 15 mg/L.

Option A: In patients with cardiac decompensation, cor pulmonale, older patients or those on medications that are known to decrease theophylline clearance, the infusion rate of theophylline should not be increased above 17 mg per hour unless the patient remains symptomatic, their steady-state serum concentrations are consistently below 10 mcg/mL, and their serum concentrations are observable at 24-hour intervals.
Option C: The serum theophylline concentrations require monitoring directly to avoid toxicity as the adverse effects of theophylline are related to its plasma concentration and have been observed when plasma concentrations exceed 20 mg/L.
Option D: Serum concentration of theophylline should be measured to one expected half-life (approximately 4 hours in young children [ages 1 to 9 years], or around 8 hours in otherwise healthy adults, who do not smoke) after administering a continuous infusion, then checked every 12 to 24 hours to establish if any further adjustments are required, and then at 24-hour intervals for the remainder of the infusion.

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