Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 250 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Monday, 11 April 2022

Gastrointestinal System Disorders Q 250

Histamine2-receptor antagonists:
    A. Compete with histamine for binding sites on the parietal cells.
    B. Irreversibly bind to H+/K+ATPase.
    C. Cause a decrease in stomach pH.
    D. Decrease signs and symptoms of allergies related to histamine release.

Correct Answer: A. Compete with histamine for binding sites on the parietal cells

Histamine receptor blocking agents decrease gastric acid by competing with histamine for binding sites on the parietal cells. H2 receptor blockers, or H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), are a class of gastric acid-suppressing agents frequently used in various gastric conditions. They are FDA-approved for short-term use in treating uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastric or duodenal ulcers, gastric hypersecretion, and mild to infrequent heartburn or indigestion.

Option B: H2RAs decrease gastric acid secretion by reversibly binding to histamine H2 receptors located on gastric parietal cells, thereby inhibiting the binding and action of the endogenous ligand histamine. H2 blockers thus function as competitive antagonists.
Option C: By blocking the histamine receptor and thus histamine stimulation of parietal cell acid secretion, H2RAs suppress both stimulated and basal gastric acid secretion induced by histamine. The onset of gastric relief provided by H2RAs is approximately 60 minutes with a duration of action that ranges from 4 to 10 hours, making them useful for the on-demand treatment of occasional symptoms. All H2RAs have similar efficacy in decreasing gastric acid secretion.
Option D: Normally, after a meal, gastrin stimulates histamine release from enterochromaffin-like cells, which then binds to histamine H2 receptors on gastric parietal cells and leads to gastric acid release. This increase in gastric acid release occurs through the activation of adenylate cyclase, which raises intracellular cAMP levels.

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