Endocrine System Disorders Q 46 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Saturday, 9 April 2022

Endocrine System Disorders Q 46

A female client with Cushing’s syndrome is admitted to the medical-surgical unit. During the admission assessment, nurse Tyzz notes that the client is agitated and irritable, has poor memory, reports loss of appetite, and appears disheveled. These findings are consistent with which problem?
    A. Depression
    B. Neuropathy
    C. Hypoglycemia
    D. Hyperthyroidism

Correct Answer: A. Depression

Agitation, irritability, poor memory, loss of appetite, and neglect of one’s appearance may signal depression, which is common in clients with Cushing’s syndrome. In some studies, as many as 90% of Cushing’s patients suffer from depression. In part, this is due to actual chemical changes in the brain from high cortisol. The depressing effect of having a serious and impairing illness may also contribute to depression.

Option B: Neuropathy affects clients with diabetes mellitus — not Cushing’s syndrome. Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if the client has diabetes. High blood sugar (glucose) can injure nerves throughout the body. Diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in the legs and feet.
Option C: Although hypoglycemia can cause irritability, it also produces increased appetite, rather than loss of appetite. Neurogenic signs and symptoms can either be adrenergic (tremor, palpitations, anxiety) or cholinergic (hunger, diaphoresis, paresthesias). Neurogenic symptoms and signs arise from sympathoadrenal involvement (either norepinephrine or acetylcholine release) in response to perceived hypoglycemia.
Option D: Hyperthyroidism typically causes such signs as goiter, nervousness, heat intolerance, and weight loss despite increased appetite. Common symptoms that a patient may report include unintentional weight loss despite unchanged oral intake, palpitations, diarrhea or increased frequency of bowel movements, heat intolerance, diaphoresis, and/or menstrual irregularities.

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