Asthma and COPD Q 48 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Saturday, 23 April 2022

Asthma and COPD Q 48

The nurse in charge formulates a nursing diagnosis of Activity intolerance related to inadequate oxygenation and dyspnea for a client with chronic bronchitis. To minimize this problem, the nurse instructs the client to avoid conditions that increase oxygen demands. Such conditions include:
     A. Drinking more than 1,500 ml of fluid daily.
     B. Being overweight.
     C. Eating a high-protein snack at bedtime.
     D. Eating more than three large meals a day.

Correct Answer: B. Being overweight

Conditions that increase oxygen demands include obesity, smoking, exposure to temperature extremes, and stress. Patients with COPD can experience hypoxia during increased activity and may need oxygenation to avoid hypoxemia which puts them at risk for exacerbations of the condition.

Option A: A client with chronic bronchitis should drink at least 2,000 ml of fluid daily to thin mucus secretions; restricting fluid intake may be harmful. Assess the patient’s respiratory response to the activity which includes monitoring of respiratory rate and depth, oxygen saturation, and use of accessory muscles for respiration.
Option C: The nurse should encourage the client to eat a high-protein snack at bedtime because protein digestion produces an amino acid with sedating effects that may ease insomnia associated with chronic bronchitis. Adequate energy reserves are needed during activity.
Option D: Eating more than three large meals a day may cause fullness, making breathing uncomfortable and difficult; however, it doesn’t increase oxygen demands. To help maintain adequate nutritional intake, the client with chronic bronchitis should eat small, frequent meals (up to six a day).

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