Asthma and COPD Q 3 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
Get GK Updates on WhatsApp

Post Top Ad

Sunday, 24 April 2022

Asthma and COPD Q 3

The term “pink puffer” refers to the client with which of the following conditions?
     A. ARDS
     B. Asthma
     C. Chronic obstructive bronchitis
     D. Emphysema

Correct Answer: D. Emphysema

Because of the large amount of energy it takes to breathe, clients with emphysema are usually cachectic. They’re pink and usually breathe through pursed lips, hence the term “puffer”. Emphysema comes on very gradually and is irreversible. People with emphysema are sometimes called “pink puffers” because they have difficulty catching their breath and their faces redden while gasping for air.

Option A: Clients with ARDS are usually acutely short of breath. Clients with ARDS have acute symptoms of and typically need large amounts of oxygen. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition characterized by poor oxygenation and non-compliant or “stiff” lungs. The disorder is associated with capillary endothelial injury and diffuse alveolar damage. Once ARDS develops, patients usually have varying degrees of pulmonary artery vasoconstriction and may subsequently develop pulmonary hypertension.
Option B: Clients with asthma don’t have any particular characteristics. Asthma is a common disease and has a range of severity, from a very mild, occasional wheeze to acute, life-threatening airway closure. It usually presents in childhood and is associated with other features of atopy, such as eczema and hayfever. Asthma is a condition of acute, fully reversible airway inflammation, often following exposure to an environmental trigger.
Option C: Clients with chronic obstructive bronchitis are bloated and cyanotic in appearance. Clients with chronic obstructive bronchitis appear bloated; they have large barrel chests and peripheral edema, cyanotic nail beds, and, at times, circumoral cyanosis. People with chronic bronchitis are sometimes called “blue bloaters” because of their bluish-colored skin and lips. Blue bloaters often take deeper breaths but can’t take in the right amount of oxygen.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post Top Ad