Emergency Nursing & Triage Q 22 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday, 23 March 2022

Emergency Nursing & Triage Q 22

In the work setting, what is the primary responsibility of the nurse in preparation for disaster management, that includes natural disasters and bioterrorism incidents?
    A. Being aware of the signs and symptoms of potential agents of bioterrorism
    B. Making ethical decisions regarding exposing self to potentially lethal substances
    C. Being aware of the agency's emergency response plan
    D. Being aware of what and how to report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Correct Answer: C. Being aware of the agency’s emergency response plan.

In disaster preparedness, the nurse should know the emergency response plan. This gives guidance that includes the roles of the team members, responsibilities, and mechanisms of reporting. Emergency preparedness encompasses diverse fields within the hospital and regional settings. Planning membership groups should address key aspects across these fields including but not limited to: public safety, facilities, logistics, pharmacy, transportation, clinical patient care, non-clinical patient care, media/public relations, communications, radiation, infection control, and administration.

Option A: Planning/Prevention focuses on providing protection from disasters on both the domestic and international levels in an attempt to limit the loss of life and reduce the financial impact of disaster response. Planning includes care, evacuation, and environmental planning and response standards.
Option B: Risk Assessment identifies high priority and vulnerability areas and directs mitigation efforts. The goal of risk assessment is the identification of the possible disasters that challenge the area including both internal and external disasters, collecting resource inventory, identifying a facility or region’s vulnerabilities based on location and resources, and generating a priorities list.
Option D: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides education and information regarding specific disaster types, including infectious diseases, chemical and radiation exposure, and natural disaster or weather-related incidents.

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