Cancer and Oncology Q 151 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Thursday 24 March 2022

Cancer and Oncology Q 151

A client with stomach cancer is admitted to the oncology unit after vomiting for 3 days. Physical assessment findings include irregular pulse, muscle twitching, and complaints of prickling sensations in the fingers and hands. Laboratory results include a potassium level of 2.9 mEq/L, a pH of 7.46, and a bicarbonate level of 29 mEq/L. The client is experiencing:
    A. Metabolic alkalosis
    B. Respiratory acidosis
    C. Metabolic acidosis
    D.Respiratory alkalosis

Correct Answer: A. Metabolic alkalosis

The client is experiencing metabolic alkalosis caused by loss of hydrogen and chloride ions from excessive vomiting. This is shown by a pH of 7.46 and elevated bicarbonate level of 29 mEq/L.

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