Burns and Burn Injury Q 81 - Gyan Darpan : Learning Portal
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Wednesday, 30 March 2022

Burns and Burn Injury Q 81

When providing care for a client with an acute burn injury, which nursing intervention is most important to prevent infection by auto contamination?
    A. Avoiding sharing equipment such as blood pressure cuffs between clients
    B. Changing gloves between wound care on different parts of the client's body
    C. Using the closed method of burn wound management
    D. Using proper and consistent handwashing

Correct Answer: B. Changing gloves between wound care on different parts of the client’s body.

Autocontamination is the transfer of microorganisms from one area to another area of the same client’s body, causing infection of a previously uninfected area. Use gowns, gloves, masks, and strict aseptic techniques during direct wound care and provide sterile or freshly laundered bed linens or gowns.

Option A: Although all techniques listed can help reduce the risk of infection, only changing gloves between carrying out wound care on different parts of the client’s body can prevent auto contamination. Depending on the type or extent of wounds and the choice of wound treatment (open versus closed), isolation may range from a simple wound and/or skin to complete or reverse to reduce the risk of cross-contamination and exposure to multiple bacterial flora.
Option C: Prevent skin-to-skin surface contact (wrap each burned finger or toe separately; do not allow burned ear to touch scalp). This identifies the presence of healing (granulation tissue) and provides for early detection of burn-wound infection. Infection in a partial-thickness burn may cause conversion of burn to full-thickness injury.
Option D: Emphasize and model good handwashing techniques for all individuals coming in contact with the patient. This prevents cross-contamination and reduces the risk of acquired infection.

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